英文缩写etc. e.g.和i.e.

etc. 是单词 etcetera (等等)的缩写

e.g.  是拉丁文 exempli gratia (例如)的缩写

i.e.  是拉丁文  id est (用来进一步解释前面所说的观点)的缩写

 

alter,change,convert,modify,shift,transform,vary 区别

我们先看几道题,试试看你能不能全部蒙对哈,这是看你的语感

1.If your coat is too long,the tailor can___it to fit you.
A.alter B.convert C.change D.modify
2.Great ___ have taken place since he left.
A.alters B.converts C.changes D.transforms
3.He used to be a Christian,but he is now___ to Buddhism.
A.converted B.changed C.transformed D.reformed
4.Prices that ___ with the quality.
A.shift B.vary C.convert D.alter
5.The wind has ___ from north to south.
A.shifted B.converted C.altered D.transformed
6.Many military factories have been ___ into civil ones in order to meet the needs of the country.
A.altered B.varied C.shifted D.transformed
7.The inventor ___ his original design in order to increase the machine’s effiency.
A.exchanged B.converted C.modified D.cultivated

答案与翻译
1.If your coat is too long,the tailor can alter it to fit you.
如果你的衣服太大,裁缝会给你改的合身.
2.Great changes have taken place since he left.
他走后变化很大.
3 He used to be a Christian,but he is now converted to Buddhism.
他过去是一个基督教徒,现在改信佛教.
4.Prices that vary with the quality.
价格随质量不同而变化.(vary with…随…而变化)
5.The wind has shifted from north to south.
风向从北转到了南.
6.Many military factories have been transformed into civil ones in order to meet the needs of the country.
为了适应国情的需要,我们把很多军用工厂改成了民用工厂.
7.The inventor modified his original design in order to increase the machine’s efficiency.
发明者改变原来的设计目的是提高机器的效率.

亲做对了几个?一起来看下这几个词的区别吧~并一起看下英文释义~
alter,change,convert,modify,shift,transform,vary都含有一定的”改变”之意
alter 改变,变更,指衣服等表面或局部做部分变动,而没有变成另一种事物
Meaning To change or make different; modify: altered my will.
change 改变,变更,指位置,性质,外表,形式或是数量与质量等改变.常与into连用.
Meaning:
a. To cause to be different: change the spelling of a word.
b. To give a completely different form or appearance to; transform: changed the yard into a garden.
convert 使转变,变化,一般只表示事物的外表及用途等方面发生的次要变化,而不是本质上的巨大变化,也可用于改变某人的政治观点、信仰.这个词义是其他词所没有的
Meaning:
1. To change (something) into another form, substance, state, or product; transform: convert water into ice.
2. To change (something) from one use, function, or purpose to another; adapt to a new or different purpose: convert a forest into farmland.
modify 修改,变更,较正式,常用以表示意见,计划或形式,质量方面不大的变化
Meaning: To change in form or character; alter.
shift 指位置或方向的移动,改变
Meaning
1. To exchange (one thing) for another of the same class: shifted assignments among the students.
2. To move or transfer from one place or position to another.
3. To alter (position or place).
4. To change (gears), as in an automobile.
transform 指外形或面貌的改变,彻底改变性格,性质等
Meaning:
1. To change markedly the appearance or form of: “A thick, fibrous fog had transformed the trees into ghosts and the streetlights into soft, haloed moons” (David Michael Kaplan).
2. To change the nature, function, or condition of; convert.
vary 改变,不同,有区别,变化
Meaning:
1. To make or cause changes in the characteristics or attributes of; modify or alter.
2. To give variety to; make diverse: vary one’s diet.

通过以上的英汉双解释,大家是不是对这7个词有了更深刻的了解呢?那么再做一遍开始的选择题吧,相信这次你会进步很大哦~